Optional features

nShield HSMs support a range of optional features. Optional features must be enabled with a certificate that is supplied by Entrust. You can order features when you purchase a unit, or you can obtain them at a later date (from your Entrust account manager). Feature certificates are supplied as a file made available for download or requested as a smart (Activator) card, to be delivered by post.

Enable features using the Feature Enable Tool (FETL) utility or the front panel of network-attached HSMs. On network-attached HSMs, you can also use the nethsmadmin utility. See Enable features on a network-attached HSM and Enable features on PCIe and USB HSMs for help enabling features.

Features provide additional functionality that must be enabled using the certificate file before the HSM can perform certain actions and use particular mechanisms. Features are either static or dynamic. Static features are persistent and remain enabled even if the HSM is factory stated or upgraded, most features are static. Conversely, dynamic features are non persistent and, if the HSM is factory stated, must be enabled again using the features file or activator card. On a network-attached HSM, dynamic features are client licenses, for adding further clients IP addresses to the nShield HSM above the default three and SEE restricted.

Dynamic features are identified in Available optional features. If a feature is not identified as dynamic it is a static feature.

nShield 5s

Features that have been set in the factory will persist if the module is returned to factory state as described in return to factory state. Features that have been set with the Feature Enable tool will be lost if the unit is returned to factory state and must be enabled again when the HSM is returned to service.

For more information about:

The HSM checks to confirm whether any features that it attempts to use are enabled. It normally does this when it authorizes the commands or command options that relate to a specific feature.

After you have enabled features on a PCIe or USB HSM, you must clear the module to make them available. Clear the module by running the command nopclearfail --clear --all, or by pressing the module’s Clear on pre-nShield 5s models.

If you are enabling the Remote Operator feature, you must enable it on the HSM that is to be used as the unattended HSM.

For information about Remote Operator, see Remote Operator.

Available optional features

This section lists the features that can be added to the HSM. For details of all available features, contact Sales.

Elliptic Curve

Cryptography based on elliptic curves relies on the mathematics of random elliptic curve elements. It offers better performance for an equivalent key length than either RSA or Diffie-Hellman public key systems. Using RSA or Diffie-Hellman to protect 128-bit AES keys requires a key of at least 3072 bits. The equivalent key size for elliptic curves is only 256 bits. Using a smaller key reduces storage and transmission requirements.

Elliptic curve cryptography is endorsed by the US National Security Agency and NIST (the National Institute of Standards and Technology), and by standardization bodies including ANSI, IEEE and ISO.

nShield modules incorporate hardware that supports elliptic curve operations for ECDH (Elliptic curve Diffie-Hellman) and ECDSA (Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm) keys.

Elliptic Curve activation

Prior to V13.5 firmware, all nShield HSMs require specific activation to utilize the elliptic curve features. HSMs use an activator smart card to enable this feature. Additionally it is possible to activate the elliptic curve feature without a physical smart card. In this case the certificate details can be provided by email and entered locally.

From firmware V13.5, elliptic curve support is always enabled.

Contact Sales if you require an EC activation.

nShield modules with elliptic curve activation support MQV (Menezes-Qu-Vanstone) modes.

Elliptic Curve support on the nShield product line

The following table details the range of nShield HSMs and the level of elliptic curve support that they offer.

HSM module type Elliptic Curve support Elliptic Curve offload acceleration3

Named curves2

Custom curves1, 5

Named curves2

Custom curves1, 5

nShield Edge (Windows only)

Yes

Yes

No

No

nShield Solo 500 and 6000

nShield 500, 1500, and 6000

Yes

Yes

No

No

nShield Solo 500+, 6000+

nShield 6000+

Yes

Yes

Yes, Prime curves and twisted Brainpool curves are accelerated4.

Yes

nShield Solo XC

Yes

Yes

Yes, Prime curves and both twisted and non-twisted Brainpool curves are accelerated4.

Yes

nShield 5s

Yes

Yes

Yes, Prime curves and both twisted and non-twisted Brainpool curves are accelerated.

Yes

1Accessed via nCore, PKCS#11 and JCE APIs.

2Both Prime and Binary named curves are supported. Refer to Named Curves, below, which lists the most commonly supported elliptic curves.

3Offload acceleration refers to offloading the elliptic curve operation from the main CPU for dedicated EC hardware acceleration.

4Binary curves are supported, but are not hardware offload accelerated.

5Brainpool curves are supported as named curves via nCore, PKCS#11 and JCE only.

nShield software / API support required to use elliptic curve functions

Security World Software for nShield CodeSafe

Elliptic curve supported / API

Microsoft CNG, PKCS#11, Java Cryptographic Engine (JCE)1.

Microsoft CNG, PKCS#11, Java Cryptographic Engine (JCE)1.

1Java elliptic curve functionality is fully supported by the nShield security provider, nCipherKM. There is also the option to use the Sun/IBM PKCS #11 Provider with nCipherKM configured to use the nShield PKCS#11 library.

PCIe and USB HSMs: To demonstrate the accelerated performance of elliptic signing and verify operations, run the perfcheck utility.

Named Curves

This table lists the supported named curves that are pre-coded in nShield module firmware.

Supported named curves

ANSIB163v1

BrainpoolP160r1

NISTP192

SECP160r1

ANSIB191v1

BrainpoolP160t1

NISTP224

SECP256k1

BrainpoolP192r1

NISTP256

BrainpoolP192t1

NISTP384

BrainpoolP224r1

NISTP521

BrainpoolP224t1

NISTB163

BrainpoolP256r1

NISTB233

BrainpoolP256t1

NISTB283

BrainpoolP320r1

NISTB409

BrainpoolP320t1

NISTB571

BrainpoolP384r1

NISTK163

BrainpoolP384t1

NISTK233

BrainpoolP512r1

NISTK283

BrainpoolP512t1

NISTK409

NISTK571

Custom curves

nShield modules also allow the entry of custom elliptic curves which are not pre-coded in firmware. If the curve is Prime, it may benefit from hardware acceleration if supported by the nShield HSM (see nShield software / API support required to use elliptic curve functions, above).

Custom curves are supported by nCore and PKCS #11 APIs.

Further information on using elliptic curves

For more information on how to use elliptic curves, see the following sections:

Java elliptic curve functionality is fully supported by the nShield security provider, nCipherKM. There is also the option to use the Sun/IBM PKCS #11 Provider with nCipherKM configured to use the PKCS #11 library.

Secure Execution Engine (SEE)

The SEE is a unique secure execution environment. The SEE features available to you are:

nShield 5 HSMs: SEE Activation, CodeSafe 5

This feature enables the ability to run signed SEE applications within your HSM. To develop your own SEE applications, you must also purchase the CodeSafe SDK and obtain a CodeSafe developer id certificate from Entrust.

For more information about how to develop SEE applications, see the CodeSafe 5 Developer Guide.

nShield Connect and Solo HSMs: SEE Activation (EU+10)

This SEE feature is provided with the CodeSafe developer product to enable you to develop and run SEE applications. The CodeSafe developer product is only available to customers in the Community General Export Area (CGEA, also known as EU+10). Contact Entrust to find out whether your country is currently within the CGEA.

For more information about the SEE, see the CodeSafe Developer Guide.

nShield Connect and Solo HSMs: SEE Activation (Restricted)

This SEE feature is provided with specific products that include an SEE application. This feature enables you to run your specific SEE application and is available to customers in any part of the world.

Remote Operator support

Many Entrust customers keep critical servers in a physically secure and remote location. The Security World infrastructure, however, often requires the physical presence of an operator to perform tasks such as inserting cards. Remote Operator enables these customers to remotely manage servers running Security World Software using a secure nShield communications protocol over IP networks.

The Remote Operator feature must be enabled on the module installed in the remote server. Remote Operator cannot be enabled remotely on an unattended module.

For more information about using Remote Operator, see Remote Operator.

For v12 and later, Entrust recommends that you use Remote Administration, which is more flexible than the Remote Operator functionality.

ISO smart card Support (ISS)

ISS, also called Foreign Token Open (FTO) allows data to be read to and written from ISO 7816 compliant smart cards in a manner prescribed by ISO7816-4. ISS allows you to develop and deploy a security system that can make full use of ISO 7816 compliant smart cards from any manufacturer.

Korean algorithms

This feature enables the following mechanisms:

  • Korean Certificate-based Digital Signature Algorithm (KCDSA), which is a signature mechanism.

    KCDSA is used extensively in Korea as part of compliance with local regulations specified by the Korean government. For more information about the KCDSA, see the nCore API Documentation.

  • SEED, which is a block cipher.

  • ARIA, which is a block cipher.

  • HAS160, which is a hash function.

Fast RNG for ECDSA

Utilise a faster alternative for Random Number Generation (RNG) for Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA). This feature is applicable only for nShield Solo XC, nShield Connect XC, nShield 5s, and nShield 5c.

The faster performance, comparable with v12.40 performance, is achieved by the RNG part of ECDSA being done on the NXP C291 Crypto Coprocessor.

This implementation of ECDSA uses an RNG that is not within scope for the nShield HSM certifications and for this reason it will not be used when the HSM is in a fips-140-level-3 or common-criteria-cmts Security World (regardless of the feature bit setting).

Client licenses (network-attached HSMs)

You can purchase additional client licenses that allow you to run multiple clients for the unit. Three clients are always enabled on each unit.

Ordering additional features

When you have decided that you require a new feature, you can order it from Sales. Before you call Sales, collect information about your HSM as follows:

  • If possible, make a note of the serial number.

    • Network-attached HSMs: This is the unit serial number and is on the base of the unit.

    • PCIe HSMs: This is on the circuit board of the nShield module.

      nShield 5s: You can also get the serial number of the nShield HSM with enquiry:

      physical serial   12-A30045
      hardware part no  PCA10005-02 revision 02
      hardware status   OK
  • Make a note of the Electronic Serial Number:

    • Network-attached HSMs: Go to HSM > HSM information > Display details on the front panel.

    • PCIe and USB HSMs: Run the enquiry command.

You must provide the ESN number to order a new feature.

If you prefer, you can include this information in an e-mail to Sales.

PCIe and USB HSMs: You can use the Feature Enable Tool to save the ESN details to a file. For more information about using the Feature Enable Tool, see Enable features on PCIe and USB HSMs.

When your order has been processed, you receive a Feature Enabling Certificate in one of the following ways:

  • Entrust e-mails you the Feature Enabling Certificate.

  • Entrust sends you a smart card that contains the Feature Enabling Certificate.

The Feature Enabling Certificate contains the information that you need to enable the features you have ordered.

For more information, including pricing of features, telephone or email your nearest Sales representative using the contact details from this guide, or contact Entrust nShield Support, https://nshieldsupport.entrust.com.